Build a Long Distance Fiber Optic Network - FASTCABLING (2023)

As the internet traffic is growing exponentially, along with the expansion of network devices, your network capacity has to expand accordingly. But the capacity of today’s dominating copper-based network has failed to fulfill the ever-growing demands of network expansion. Admittedly, the Ethernet network is a perfect solution to a great number of solutions, such as IP cameras, PoS terminals, digital signage, etc., but when a faster network speed is required, the fiber optic network emerges as a winner. Moreover, given the inherent disadvantages of copper cabling (attenuation, electromagnetic interference, etc.) over the long cable runs, fiber cabling is a more viable choice in long-haul, high-bandwidth applications.

Fiber Optic Network: Front Runner in Long-distance Applications

The fiber optic network is a technology that transmits data in the form of light signals through fiber optic cables to extend the transmission distance up to 60-80km. Since the fiber optic cable has excellent immunity to crosstalk, EMI and network congestion, it’s the best-of-all solution for long-range network applications. And since the fiber optic cables cannot conduct electricity, they can be deployed in any combustible environment like oil, mining, industrial automation, etc. Additionally, no electricity flows mean there’ll be no electromagnetic field generated and no signal leakage, so the information cannot be easily tapped or accessed by intruders. The fiber optic network is also renowned for its symmetrical upload and download network speeds, ideal for installing mission-critical applications like IP surveillance systems.

Build a Long Distance Fiber Optic Network - FASTCABLING (1)

How Fiber Optic Network Works?

Like the copper-based network, the fiber optic network is also hardwired. The signals are transmitted in the form of light pulses through the fiber optic cable to the connected device. Light travels down a fiber optic cable by bouncing off the walls of the cable repeatedly. Each light particle bounces down the pipe with continued internal mirror-like reflection. Once the light pulses reach their destination, an optical network terminal (ONT) will convert the signal to the electrical Ethernet which your device can understand and use. But considering a majority of network devices don’t support an optical interface, to set up the fiber optic network, the priority is to complete the conversion between fiber and copper cables.

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How to Set up a Long Distance Fiber Optic Network

To set up a long-distance fiber optic network, you’ll need a router, a fiber optic switch, some media converters and SFP modules, and most importantly pre-terminated fiber optic cables.

Fiber Optic Swicth

The fiber optic switch connects multiple optic fibers and controls data packets routing between inputs and outputs to realize data management from a central point. It is widely applied in data centers, computer networks and surveillance systems. The fiber optic switch can eliminate congestion to the minimum in the signal transmission, ideal for heavy traffic and complex networks. And the fiber switch is often used with SFP modules and fiber media converters for media conversion. Fastcabling has launched an 8 port Fiber Optic SFP Switch that features 8*10/100/1000Mbps SFP ports and 2 Gigabit uplink ports to help set up a high-speed network at greater distances.

Build a Long Distance Fiber Optic Network - FASTCABLING (2)

Fiber Media Converter

The fiber media converter offers a cost-effective method to retrofit the legacy copper-based network cabling and create a seamless connection between the fiber optic cables and Ethernet cables. Fastcabling has launched several kinds of media converters to facilitate the media conversion between dissimilar media types, such as the mini Gigabit fiber Ethernet media converter and 2 port fiber PoE extender. And we’ve also launched a waterproof industrial hardened grade fiber PoE media converter (IP67-rated) that can also generate PoE power for the edge device with a regulated power output of 30W to power devices like IP cameras and WAPs in remote areas and reduces the chances of power loss and voltage drop in long cable runs. Read more about media converter here.

Build a Long Distance Fiber Optic Network - FASTCABLING (3)
(Video) How to Set up Long Distance IP Camera System with Fiber Optic Link?

SFP Module

The SFP module is a modular transceiver that plugs into the SFP port on the converter to facilitate the media conversion. The SFP modules are mainly classified based on their speed capabilities. Fastcabling has launched several types of SFP modules that deliver high-speed data transmission from 1Gps to 10Gps to support long-distance applications up to 10-20km. These SFP modules are designed for use with LC-type single-mode fiber optic cables. They feature a wide operating temperature range (-20℃~60℃/-40℃~75℃) and are equipped with excellent ESD protection to protect the devices from breakdown and malfunctioning.

Build a Long Distance Fiber Optic Network - FASTCABLING (4)

Pre-terminated Fiber Optic Cable

The per-terminated fiber cable arrives on-site with the connector attached and ready to install. It’s normally made at a pre-determined length, and it’s undeniable of higher quality than its counterpart. The pre-terminate cable helps eliminate rework, transmission testing, etc. And it comes in a plug-and-play design, which can be easily connected and disconnected, cutting off the deployment time by at least 70%. It is manufactured and assembled in a well-controlled environment to ensure the best possible network performance, and signal loss can be highly restrained with thorough inspections. The pre-terminated cable can be used in mission-critical applications that demand the highest level of accuracy, like video surveillance systems.

Build a Long Distance Fiber Optic Network - FASTCABLING (5)

How to connect:

1) Connect the router with the fiber optic switch with a short patch cord;

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2) Insert the SFP module into the fiber optic switch and media converter and connect them with the pre-terminated fiber optic cable;

3) Power up both the fiber switch and media converter with AC power;

4) Connect the media converter with the powered device like an IP camera.

Build a Long Distance Fiber Optic Network - FASTCABLING (6)

How to Choose a Network Device for Outdoor Deployments

When building the fiber optic network outdoors, extra protection is needed to ensure a safe network connection in long-range applications. Water ingress is one of the most common challenges when deploying network devices in wash-down or high-humidity places. If water infiltrates, problems like disconnection, short-circuit, fire or shock hazard, etc., may occur. Also, the device you choose for building the fiber optic network should be made from durable materials that are highly resistant to all kinds of environmental hazards, and materials like polycarbonate and stainless steel are highly recommended. Moreover, you should always take some precautions to protect your devices and appliances from power surges. If large enough, a power surge can cause permanent damage to the PDs. By the way, to adapt to the ambient temperatures outdoors, it should also be able to work under a vast temperature range.

(Video) Advantages of Fiber Optic Network

To tackle the problems for outdoor deployments, Fastcabling has launched a great number of network devices to help you set up a long distance fiber optic network outdoors.

Outdoor PoE Switch with SFP

To install a long-range network in an outdoor environment, it’s highly recommended to use our outdoor PoE switch that is built with an SFP interface. By using this outdoor PoE switch, you can take advantage of fiber cabling to overcome the geographic limit of Ethernet. This outdoor PoE switch is built with an internal power bank and can work with various kinds of external power supplies like AC and solar power and is capable of delivering a maximum power out of 32W each port to help you install power-hungry devices in hard-to-reach areas (feeds on external power sources like AC or solar power). It also features 6kV surge protection to protect the device from electrical surges and lightning strikes.

Build a Long Distance Fiber Optic Network - FASTCABLING (7)

Gigabit Industrial Hardened Compact Ethernet Media Converter

This media converter is designed for industrial-grade applications, like industrial automation, oil and mining, transportation monitoring, etc. It features a small footprint, easy to make its way into the existing network infrastructure. It has a generic Gigabit SFP interface for LC/SC type fiber. This media converter supports a wide operating temperature range from -40°C to 75°C and carrier-grade surge protection to prevent damages caused by lightning and power surges. It supports a transmission speed of 1000Mbps to help you set up a high-speed network in long-range applications.

Build a Long Distance Fiber Optic Network - FASTCABLING (8)
(Video) How to use fiber optical cable to build middle or large IP surveillance network system


How long does it take to build a fiber optic network? ›

As a general rule, fiber construction takes 6 to 10 months for a network to become operational, after the beginning of a build-out.

How do I build my own fiber optic network? ›

If your ISP doesn't require a technician to set up your connection, these are the steps to self-install fiber internet:
  1. Locate your fiber network terminal.
  2. Connect the fiber terminal to the network box.
  3. Plug in your network box.
  4. Connect your device to the network box.
  5. Set up your home Wi-Fi network.
Mar 22, 2023

Which fiber mode is for long-distance? ›

Single Mode Fiber Distance and Bandwidth

Designed for long-distance communication, a single mode fiber cable allows light signals to travel more than 10 miles, a much longer distance than multimode. Single mode fiber also accommodates much higher bandwidths than multimode.

Why fiber optic cable is much faster and can transverse very long-distance without the risk of outer interference? ›

Fiber optic cables have a much greater bandwidth than metal cables. The amount of information that can be transmitted per unit time of fiber over other transmission media is its most significant advantage. An optical fiber offers low power loss, which allows for longer transmission distances.

Is fiber optic the fastest connection? ›

Fiber speed can still vary, based on a variety of factors. Factors include location and the type of fiber connection available (FTTH, FTTN, etc). Is fiber internet better? Fiber optic internet is currently the fastest, most-reliable internet service available.

How much faster is fiber optic? ›

We've gone from the 56 Kbps crawl of dial-up, to early 1 Mbps broadband, to faster 50 Mbps copper connections, all the way to our modern 1 Gbps fiber-optic connections. Movies that once took days to download now require mere seconds through modern fiber-optics.

How deep should fiber be buried? ›

Corning Cable Systems recommends that fiber optic cable be buried a minimum depth/cover of 30 inches (77 cm).

Can I use my own router for Fibre? ›

If the router has a WAN port then it potentially may be used as a fibre router. But you may, in some cases, be able to use your existing DSL Wi‑Fi enabled router to extend your Fibre connection via Wi‑Fi.

How much does a fiber optic home network cost? ›

Internet types—how are they different?
Internet typeSpeedsPrices

Which fiber is best for very long distance communication? ›

For long-distance usage, single-mode optical cables are the ideal choice, whereas, for short-range, one can go for multimode optical fiber cables.

Which is the best Fibres for very long distance communication? ›

Optical fibre are used for long distance communication because.

Which type of fiber has the best performance over long distances? ›

Slow-twitch muscle fibers support long distance endurance activities like marathon running, while fast-twitch muscle fibers support quick, powerful movements such as sprinting or weightlifting.

What is the biggest downside to fiber optic cabling? ›

Disadvantages of Fibre Optic Cable

The cost to produce optic fibre cabling is higher than that of copper. Installation is also more expensive as special test equipment is usually required. As they are made of glass, fibre optic cables are more fragile than electrical wires like copper cabling.

What happens if you bend fiber optic cable too much? ›

When a fiber cable is bent excessively, the optical signal within the cable may refract and escape through the fiber cladding. Bending can also permanently damage the fiber by causing micro-cracks.

What is a main disadvantage of using fiber optic cable? ›

Disadvantages of Using Fiber-Optics

Fragility – As fiber-optic cables normally consist of glass they are much more fragile compared to other electrical wires. Installation – Fiber-Optic cables are much more difficult to install and can easily get damaged during the process.

Is fiber optic faster than 5G? ›

The most important one is speed. Fiber optic internet has a much higher bandwidth than a 5G network does. Thus, this makes it possible for users to download files faster and stream video without any issues.

How can I increase my fiber optic speed? ›

The closer you are, the better your Wi-Fi signal. In general, position your router (Network Box or Google Wifi point) near the center of your home for maximum coverage. Keep your router off the floor and out of closets and cabinets. Staying within 100 feet of your router will increase your Wi-Fi speed.

What slows down fiber optic internet? ›

However, some users may experience slower performance than usual from time to time. When this happens, there are usually four reasons why; bandwidth contention, signal interference, incompatible WiFi routers or slow devices.

How much faster is fiber optic than Ethernet? ›

Speed is the first and most obvious difference between fiber optics and Ethernet. Fiber is clearly faster, being able to sustain data speeds more than 100x faster than Ethernet under ideal conditions.

Is fiber optic faster than Ethernet? ›

In fact, fiber optics cable can transmit as much as 10 Gbps (gigabytes per second), which is significantly faster than Ethernet cable. Besides being incredibly faster, fiber optic wiring technology offers some other benefits.

What will replace fiber optics? ›

Most businesses are looking to subscribe to an Internet connection in the 20Mbps to 500Mbps range. Microwave fixed wireless can easily achieve these speeds with higher reliability than fiber optic networks. Having leased lines or new fiber equipment installed can be a time-consuming venture.

How far can you lay fiber optic cable? ›

Although the maximum distance of fiber optic cable is affected by both attenuation and dispersion, for most applications, the maximum distance of any type of fiber optic cable is around 62.14 miles (100 kilometers).

Can you drive over buried fiber optic cable? ›

Do not allow vehicles to drive over a cable. Ensure that the proper cable length has been installed before cutting off excess cable. Avoid placing cable reels on their sides or subjecting them to shock from dropping. Fiber optic cables should be placed in their own dedicated ducts or trays.

Can you run fiber above ground? ›

Fiber optic internet is delivered to your customers in two main ways: above ground on poles or underground through conduit. In some cases, a combination of the two methods must be used. Above ground service is the less expensive option of the two as usually the infrastructure is already in place.

Can I connect 2 routers to fibre? ›

In short, yes! It is possible to use more than one router on the same home network, but you do need to be wary about the way you do this.

Does fiber need a new router? ›

To use the fiber optic internet service, you would need a fiber optic router to accommodate fiber-optic speeds. Whether you can purchase a router or leas one, all recommendation shows getting a new router from your provider ensures all services are compatible and work right as promised with new services.

What type of router is needed for fiber optic? ›

Any standard router, including the primary unit of a mesh Wi-Fi system, will work, at its full potential, with any standard Internet broadband terminal device — modem, Fiber-optic ONT, or others. That's true as long as the two can connect via a network cable, which is almost always the case.

Is fiber cheaper than Ethernet? ›

Ethernet are different in that regard, even though they can't go for such long distances. Their increased durability and speed over short distances make them a great option, and they're a much cheaper option than fiber optics.

Who pays for fibre installation? ›

In some cases the building owner or body corporate may need to contribute to the cost of installing fibre in a building depending on its size and use - residential, commercial or a mix. If the property is three stories or less and has residential tenancies, there's likely to be no contribution needed.

Is fiber cheaper than WIFI? ›

Cost is also a significant factor in the decision, as a fiber optic network is more expensive than a wireless network. However, if you are considering installing a fiber optic network, you can check whether it already exists in your area, which may reduce the cost.

What frequency is best for long distance? ›


These are Very High-Frequency radios (VHF) and Ultra High-Frequency radios (UHF). VHF radios have a frequency of 30MHz – 300MHz. These signals can travel up to 100 miles, making them suitable for long-distance use.

Which cable is used for long distance communication? ›

Fiber optic cables offer high transmission speeds, optimum attenuation properties, and high resistance to electromagnetic interference, and provide 1,000 times the bandwidth that copper does, making it the transmission medium of the future.

Which is a highly reliable cable for long distance communication? ›

Fiber optic cables are not only installed to support long-distance connections between cities and countries, but in suburban neighborhoods for direct access like the FTTH, FTTP, FTTB, FTTC, etc., which is called “last mile” installations.

Why optical fiber is cheaper for long distance communication? ›

Less expensive – Several miles of optical cable can be made cheaper than equivalent lengths of copper wire. Higher carrying capacity – Because optical fibers are thinner than copper wires, more fibers can be bundled into a given-diameter cable than copper wires. This allows more phone lines to go over the same cable.

What is the strongest fiber ever? ›

The STRONGEST natural fibre is: Spider silk is one of the toughest natural fibers known in nature. The light, flexible fiber is five times stronger by weight than high-grade steel and extremely stretchy, enlarging to snag incoming insects and other prey.

What is the strongest commonly used fiber? ›

Dyneema is said to be the strongest fibre in the world. In relation to its weight it is up to 13 times as strong as steel. In addition to materials used in lifting and hoisting, the fibre is used in aviation, marine applications, sports and personal protection.

Is there anything faster than fiber? ›

With fiber, a latency between the buildings would be 1,594 millisecond or 1,594 microsecond. Yes, microwave is 50% faster than fiber.

What is the most common cause of fiber system failures? ›

Among key sources of loss that can bring a fiber network down, dirty and damaged end-faces are the threat most underestimated.

Is there something better than fiber optic cable? ›

Cable internet is a widely available type of internet service. It is much more available than fiber internet because the cables are much easier to install. Although cable internet tends not to provide as fast internet as fiber, it is still a superior option compared to DSL or satellite internet.

What is the minimum radius for fiber optic? ›

The optical minimum bend radius is equal to ten times the outer jacket diameter of that cable. So if you're dealing with a fiber cable that has a 2mm outer jacket, then 2mm x 10 = 20mm bend radius.

Can you twist fiber optic cable? ›

Fiber optic cable can be broken when kinked or bent too tightly, especially during pulling. Do not twist the cable. Twisting the cable can stress the fibers.

What color pipe is used for fiber optic cable? ›

With the premises fiber optic cabling now including several varieties of 50/125 fiber, 62.5/125 and singlemode fibers, managing the cable plant is more difficult.
How Color Codes Are Used In Fiber Optics.
Fiber NumberColor
8 more rows

Is fiber optic internet better than satellite? ›

Fibre broadband is far better than satellite internet because it offers much more reliability and it transmits data much faster. Win-win! Unlike fibre, a satellite dish needs good weather to function well too. So, any storms, extreme temperatures or wet weather can cause disruption in the satellite's communications,.

Is fiber optics safer than 5G? ›

5G offers key security advantages over fiber. 5G networks are based on end-to-end encryption (device to device).

What are the top 5 advantages of fiber optic cable? ›

Here are six major advantages of a fibre optic network:
  • Better bandwidth. Fibre optic cables have much greater bandwidth than metal cables. ...
  • Higher bandwidth means faster speed. ...
  • Longer transmission distances. ...
  • Greater flexibility. ...
  • Improved latency. ...
  • Stronger security.

How long does it take for AT&T to install fiber optic? ›

AT&T Fiber typically takes from four to six hours to be fully installed. Installation can include replacing existing copper wiring with new fiber lines that will provide you with our best internet experience.

What is the construction process of fiber optics? ›

Construction of a fiber optic network is a complex and lengthy process. Line crews will change poles, move transformers from one side of the pole to another, move wires on the pole, add new anchors to the poles, and perform other work to allow the fiber to be placed later.

How long does it take to install Fibre in an area? ›

For new Fibre installations it can take up to 2-4 weeks to have it installed into your home. The process of installing Fibre to the home starts with the technicians assessing your home to see where the Fibre cable from the street into your home should be laid.

What is the construction of optical fiber cable? ›

Basic Construction of a Fiber Optic Cable

A fiber optic cable consists of five main components: core, cladding, coating, strengthening fibers, and cable jacket. Core: This is the physical medium that transports optical signals from an attached light source to a receiving device.

How quickly is ATT fiber expanding? ›

In 2022, we laid more than 60,000 miles of fiber in the U.S. alone. All that fiber helps carry more than 594 petabytes of data traffic on an average day, up 23% year-over-year (or the equivalent of streaming nearly 40 million 2-hour long movies in HD).

How can I make my ATT fiber faster? ›

Get results with easy changes
  1. Restart your Wi-Fi gateway every couple of weeks.
  2. Turn off or disconnect devices you're not using.
  3. Move Wi-Fi devices closer to your gateway.
  4. Add a Wi-Fi extender to strengthen and expand your coverage.
  5. Try using wired connections when you stream, game, and video conference.
Apr 8, 2019

Is fiber optic installation hard? ›

Optical fiber cable installation is as simple as, and in many cases much easier than, installing coaxial or UTP cable in the horizontal. The most important factor in optical fiber cable installation is maintaining the cable's minimum bend radius.

What are the three methods used to fabricate optical fiber? ›

Three methods are used today to fabricate moderate-to-low loss waveguide fibers: modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD), outside vapor deposition(OVD), and vapor axial deposition (VAD).

How deep should fiber optic cable be buried? ›

Cable Depth: the depth at which buried cable can be placed will vary with local conditions as with the case of 'freeze lines” (depth to which the ground freezes annually). Corning Cable Systems recommends that fiber optic cable be buried a minimum depth/cover of 30 inches (77 cm).

How deep is fiber installation? ›

The main line in the easements and right of ways are buried between two and four feet deep and the fiber drop to the house or to the pedestal may vary between 8 to 12 inches in depth.

Why does fibre installation take so long? ›

The amount of time taken is due to the complex installation process and depends greatly on the fibre configuration passing the customer's house. You could easily be up and running within a few days after ordering, however, if the fibre at your residence did not require any additional work to install.

What are the 4 types of optical fiber cable construction? ›

Fibre optic cable construction
  • Core. This is the physical medium that transports optical data signals from an attached light source to a receiving device. ...
  • Cladding. ...
  • Coating. ...
  • Strengthening fibres. ...
  • Cable jacket.

What are the two primary construction types when it comes to optical Fibre cable? ›

Based on 900um tight buffered fiber and 250um coated fiber there are two basic types of fiber optic cable constructions – Tight Buffered Cable and Loose Tube Cable.

What material is used in the construction of an optical fiber? ›

Materials. Glass optical fibers are almost always made from silica, but some other materials, such as fluorozirconate, fluoroaluminate, and chalcogenide glasses as well as crystalline materials like sapphire, are used for longer-wavelength infrared or other specialized applications.


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