Understanding a food label - Canadian Food Inspection Agency (2023)

Important notice

The information on this web page is being updated to reflect changes to labelling information, which include nutritional information, list of ingredients, and food colour requirements due to amendments to the Food and Drug Regulations (FDR) and the implementation of the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations.

The new FDR requirements are available in the Industry Labelling Tool. Food businesses have a transition period to meet them, during which they must comply with either the former or the new requirements.

View our detailed explanation on how to read a food label

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Food Labelling in Canada

Understanding a food label - Canadian Food Inspection Agency (1)

The food label is one of the most important tools Canadian consumers can use to make informed choices about healthy and safe foods. To ensure consumers have reliable and trustworthy information, there are federal regulations and requirements for food labels. Companies that produce and sell food products are responsible for making sure their labels meet these requirements. Certain labelling requirements are mandatory on almost all food products. For example, the majority of food products require a list of ingredients. Other labelling requirements are only mandatory if companies choose to make a certain claim. For example, products that include health claims must meet strict standards. However, regardless of the type of food labelling information, all food labels must be truthful and not misleading to consumers.

How to read a food label

Today's food labels contain a lot of information, which can make them confusing. Sometimes, companies use labels to make products stand out using claims and photos, but these can distract consumers from other relevant parts of the label. When you are making a decision about food products, the first thing you should do is understand what is in the particular product, and to do that we need to remove some of the excess noise. Certain elements of food labels are mandatory on most packaged food products and must follow specific rules. These key labelling elements are: the Nutrition Facts Table, list of ingredients, allergen statements - especially if you or someone you know has food allergies - and date marking information, such as best before dates.

Nutrition Facts Table

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What do you need to know?

The Nutrition Facts Table is mandatory on most packaged food products with some exceptions, such as non-ground raw meat, poultry and seafood, alcoholic beverages and some products that contain very few nutrients, including coffee and spices.

The Nutrition Facts Table provides information on the serving size, calories and 13 core nutrients, such as fat, sodium and sugar.

It also provides % Daily Value, which helps you determine if the food product contains a little or a lot of a certain nutrient. In general, 5% or less is considered a little and 15% or more is considered a lot. When comparing two products, you can use the % Daily Value to see which product has more or less of a certain nutrient.

% Daily Value for nutrients is based on the highest recommended intakes for people more than two years of age (not including pregnant women) as set by Health Canada.

You can use this information to: determine a food's nutritional value and compare it to other products to make healthy food choices.

Where do you find it?

The Nutrition Facts Table must be displayed on a blank surface where information can easily be seen and read by consumers. Due to its strict size requirements, it is commonly found on the back or side of a food product.

The Nutrition Facts Table must appear in English and French.

What rules must it follow?

The Nutrition Facts Table must list the 13 core nutrients: fat, saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, sodium, carbohydrates, fibre, sugar, protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium and iron. A simplified version of the Nutrition Facts Table may be used if the product does not contain certain nutrients.

The % Daily Value is required for all nutrients, except for cholesterol, sugars and protein. Protein does not have a % Daily Value since most Canadians get enough in their diet. Sugars and cholesterol do not have a % Daily Value since there is no recommended amount for a healthy population.

Companies can also voluntarily provide information on other nutrients, such as folate, potassium, riboflavin and other vitamins and minerals.

List of Ingredients

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What do you need to know?

The list of ingredients is required on most packaged food products with more than one ingredient. The list of ingredients shows all of the ingredients in packaged food products, including their components (the ingredients of ingredients). Ingredients are listed in order of weight, with the main ingredient first.

However, it is important to remember that two products with identical lists of ingredients may not provide the same nutrition. For example, two granola bars might have the same list of ingredients, but one granola bar could have twice the sugar or half the fibre. To make a comparison, consumers can look at the Nutrition Facts Table.

(Video) Tutorial for Food Label for CFIA

You can use this information to: figure out what ingredients primarily make up your food products. If you are trying to buy or avoid certain ingredients, this is the place to look.

Where do you find it?

The ingredient list may be shown anywhere on the package, except the bottom, and must be shown in both English and French.

The list of ingredients is commonly found near the Nutrition Facts Table, which can make it easier for consumers to compare the ingredients and nutrition information.

What rules must it follow?

To help consumers make healthy and safe food choices, ingredients and their components (the ingredients of ingredients) must be declared by their common names in the list of ingredients on a food label. Component ingredients are usually listed in brackets following ingredient. For example a loaf of bread may have the following list of ingredients: Enriched flour (wheat, flour, niacin, riboflavin, folic acid).

Common names are the names of the ingredient that is regulated by law or used commonly by consumers. For example, to help consumers identify products that have partially hydrogenated oil or fats (a source of trans fats), the word "hydrogenated" must be used, such as hydrogenated soybean oil or hydrogenated vegetable oil.

Allergen Declarations and Gluten Sources

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What do you need to know?

If you or someone in your family has a food allergy, it is essential to check for food allergens on the product label. Companies can sometimes change ingredients, so it's important to check labels each time products are purchased.

There are 10 priority food allergens that account for the majority of all food allergies. They are set by Health Canada and include: peanuts, egg, soy, sesame seeds, milk, seafood, tree nuts, sulphites, wheat and mustard.

Packaged food products that contain priority food allergens and gluten sources must include them in the list of ingredients and/or in a statement that begins with "Contains" on their label. For example, a product with peanuts would include the word "peanuts" in the list of ingredients, or in a statement that states "Contains peanuts," or both.

If you or someone you know has an allergy that is not one of the priority allergens, you will need to read the list of ingredients carefully and contact the company if you are unsure if it contains a certain ingredient.

You can use this information to: avoid specific food allergens or sensitivities in food products.

Where do you find it?

Information about allergens in a food product must be available in the list of ingredients and/or immediately following in the "Contains statement." This statement is sometimes in bold to help consumers identify allergens.

The ingredient list and "contains statement" may be shown anywhere on the package, except the bottom, and must be shown in both English and French.

What rules must it follow?

Food allergens or gluten sources must be written in commonly used words, such as "milk" and "wheat." For example, if there is flour in the food product, the company would need to include "wheat" in brackets, or include a statement that reads, "Contains wheat."

Companies may also include a precautionary statement if there is a possibility that a food allergen could be in a food product through cross-contamination. It is recommended that companies identify these possibilities by using "may contain". For example a product that may have been cross-contaminated with peanuts could use a statement that reads, "May contain peanuts".

Date Marking

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What do you need to know?

There are two types of dates you may find on a food label: expiration dates and best before dates.
An expiration date is mandatory on certain food products, including formulated liquid diets, meal replacements, nutritional supplements and human milk supplements (infant formula). These food products should not be eaten if the expiration date has passed.

The best before dates tell you the anticipated amount of time an unopened food product, when stored properly, will keep its freshness, taste, nutritional value or any other qualities claimed by the company. The best before date does not guarantee product safety. The best before date also does not apply after a product has been opened, as opened food products may go bad long before the best before date.

(Video) Let's Learn Food Science - Guide to Food Labelling for Industry from the CFIA

The best before date must appear on packaged food products that will remain fresh for 90 days or less, such as milk, yogurt or bread. However, companies can voluntarily include the best before date on products that will keep fresh for longer than 90 days.

You can use this information to: determine how long your unopened food product will last and the safety of certain products.

Where do you find it?

The best before date and expiration date may appear anywhere on the package. If the best before date or expiration date is placed on the bottom of the package, it has to be indicated somewhere else on the label that it can be found there.

Best before dates must be identified using the words "best before" and "meilleur avant" grouped together with the date.

What rules must it follow?

There is no standard format for expiration dates; however, the term "Exp" is often used.

The format for the best before date is the year (optional unless it is needed for clarity), followed by the month, then the date.

For example: A product with a best before date of August 22, 2014, would be: Best Before 14 AU 22 Meilleur Avant.

If storage instructions are required for the unopened product to meet its best before date, this must be included. For example, the instructions "keep refrigerated" would be required on certain food products, such as ready-to-eat meats.

Foods packaged at a retail store can indicate the best before date of a product by stating the date the food product was packaged, as well as the number of days following packaging the product will retain its freshness.

Country of Origin Claims - Where is it from?

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What claims are you likely to see?

While it is mandatory to include the name and address of the responsible company on the food label, claims about the origin of the food can also appear on the label.

If a food product is imported, it is mandatory to state the country of origin on certain packaged products, such as dairy, fish and seafood, and fresh fruits and vegetables.

Generally, this means the words "Product of [Name the country]" must appear on the label.

A company may also choose to voluntarily make claims about the origin of a food or an ingredient in the food.

For example, a company may choose to label packaged cookies that were made in England and imported into Canada as "Product of England." Similarly, the label for a blueberry pie that is made using Canadian blueberries may say "made with 100% Canadian blueberries."

If company uses a "Product of Canada" or "Made in Canada" claim there are specific guidelines that it must follow.

What do they mean?

"Product of Canada" and "Made in Canada" claims have specific guidelines that must be met in order for companies to use the claim.

A "Product of Canada" label means that all, or virtually all (generally 98 per cent), of the food, processing and labour used to make the food is Canadian. This means that these foods were grown or raised by Canadian farmers, and prepared and packaged by Canadian food companies.

The claim "Made in Canada" means that the manufacturing or processing of the food occurred in Canada. A claim can be made on a label if the last substantial step of the product occurred in Canada, regardless if the ingredients are domestic or imported. For example, the processing of cheese, dough, sauce and other ingredients to create a pizza would be considered a substantial step. If the food product contains some food grown by Canadian farmers, it can use the claim "Made in Canada with domestic and imported ingredients." If all of the ingredients have been imported, it can use the claim "Made in Canada from imported ingredients."

All other origin claims such as "Distilled in Canada", "Roasted in the United States", and "Refined in France" that describe the country's value-added may be used as long as they are truthful and not misleading for consumers.

(Video) Take Your Product to Market: Introduction to Canadian Food Labelling

What claims cannot be made?

A company cannot mislead consumers about the origin of a product, even if some of the ingredients came from that country. For example, chocolate chip cookies made with Belgian chocolate cannot be labelled as Belgian cookies unless the product was made in Belgium. In this case it needs to be clearly identified what ingredients came from that country. For example, the label could read "cookies made with Belgian chocolate."

Composition Claims - What is it made of?

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What claims are you likely to see?

Composition claims are voluntary claims used by companies to highlight or emphasize an ingredient or flavour in a food product.

This includes claims that highlight a desirable ingredient, such as "Made with 100% fruit juice" or emphasize the fact that certain ingredients were not added or present in the food product, such as "No added preservatives or artificial flavours."

These claims highlight the ingredients that the companies want you to focus on. Check the Nutrition Facts Table and the list of ingredients to get the full list.

What do they mean?

Claims that highlight the presence of a certain ingredient, such as "Made with real fruit" or "Made with whole grains" give consumers some information about the contents of the product, but the claim does not mean that it is made exclusively with that ingredient. For example, a loaf of bread with the claim "made with whole grains" may only contain a small portion of whole grains and a large portion of enriched flour. In these cases, check the list of ingredients to see if whole grains appear near the top of the list to confirm it is a major ingredient.

Claims that go further and provide a percentage or an amount, such as made with "100% pure orange juice" or "contains more than 95 per cent real fruit" provide consumers with more information about the amount of the highlighted ingredient.

When companies make negative claims about the absence of a particular ingredient or the removal of a substance of the food product, the ingredient or substance must be totally absent in the food product.

What claims cannot be made?

When making claims about the composition of a product, companies are not permitted to overemphasize the presence of an ingredient to make it seem more desirable to consumers. For example, if an ingredient is only present in trace amounts, it should not be highlighted on the package.

Negative claims about ingredients are not permitted if they give the false impression to consumers that this ingredient is in other similar products. For example a company could not include a "no colour added" claim on a hotdog label, because colour is not permitted in any hotdog in Canada. The label could state "No hotdogs in Canada contain added colour."

In addition, some products may include a claim about the lack of a "chemical preservative," or "only natural preservatives" when they include ingredients, such as vegetables with naturally occurring high levels of nitrates which are an approved preservative for certain meat products. These claims must include information about the naturally occurring preservative so that it is clear for consumers.

Nutrition Claims - What are the health and nutrition benefits?

Understanding a food label - Canadian Food Inspection Agency (8)

What claims are you likely to see?

There are two types of nutrition claims: nutrient content claims and health claims. These claims, when used, must follow specific rules from Health Canada to make sure they are consistent and not misleading.

A nutrient content claim describes the amount of a nutrient, such as calories, fats and fibre in a food product. For example, "a source of fibre" or "trans fat free" are nutrient content claims.

A health claim describes the potential health effects of a food product if consumed within a healthy diet. For example, "A healthy diet rich in vegetables and fruit may help reduce the risk of some types of cancer" is a health claim.

What do they mean?

Health Canada has a list of nutrient content claims that companies can use on a food label. If you use these food claims when picking a food product, it is important to know what it means. For example:

  • "Fat free" means the food must have less than 0.5 grams of fat per serving;
  • "Low sodium" means the food must have less than 140 milligrams of sodium per serving;
  • "High source of fibre" means the food must have at least 4 grams of fibre per serving.

Health Canada also has an approved list of certain health claims, as well as the criteria the food product needs to meet in order to use the claim. If a company chooses to use a health claim that is not on Health Canada's approved list, the company must have scientific evidence, that it can provide to CFIA and Health Canada, to back-up the claim. Some claims may need to be checked by Health Canada before they can go on a label.

Companies can also make general health claims, such as "healthy," "smart" and "nutritious." These claims cannot be misleading, and depending on the claim, some additional criteria may apply. For example, a "nutritious" claim can only be used on a food that contains a source of at least one nutrient from the Nutrition Facts Table.

(Video) SNI Webinar 02 - Introduction to Canadian Food Labelling Requirements

Since these claims are very general, check the Nutrition Facts Table to decide how healthy or nutritious a food product is.

What claims cannot be made?

Companies cannot make nutrition or health claims unless the label has a Nutrition Facts Table.

In addition, a company cannot make a claim about a nutrient that does not appear in the Nutrition Facts Table. For example, if a company claims a food product is a "good source of Vitamin D," then vitamin D must be included in the Nutrition Facts Table.

Companies are not permitted to alter approved nutrition content and health claims to make them sound more appealing. Claims such as "ultra low fat" or "extra high protein" are not permitted.

Method of Production Claims - How is it made?

Understanding a food label - Canadian Food Inspection Agency (9)

What claims are you likely to see?

Method of Production claims are voluntary and give information on how products are produced, grown, handled or manufactured. For example, method of production claims on beef products can give consumers information on how cattle were raised, housed, fed, transported and slaughtered and whether or not they were provided growth hormones or antibiotics.

Overall, when these claims are used by companies, they must be truthful and not misleading; however, some of these claims have additional requirements that must be met. These include organic claims, natural claims and free range claims.

What do they mean?

Organic claims and the organic logo are only permitted on products that have 95 per cent or more organic content and have been certified according to Canadian requirements for organic products. An organic claim does not mean the food product has superior nutritional content or is safer than other food products. Organic products that are imported or sold between provinces, or that bear the Canada Organic logo, must meet the Organic Standards, which state how animals can be housed, fed, transported and slaughtered, and how crops can be grown, processed and stored. In addition, it dictates which substances, such as pesticides, antibiotics, and hormones, can be used to prevent pests and diseases.

Natural claims mean the food product or ingredient of the food product does not contain added vitamins, nutrients, artificial flavours or food additives. In addition the product cannot have something removed from it (except for water) or have been significantly changed.

Free range claims refer to chickens having access to regularly roam and graze outdoors. There are no specific requirements, such as the length of time spent outdoors or the type of environment in order to use these claims.

What claims cannot be made?

All method of product claims must be truthful and not misleading to consumers. Organic claims and the organic logo cannot be used on food products that have less than 95 per cent organic content. For example, lasagna made with organic certified milk, and non-organic meat and vegetables cannot be labelled as organic. However, multi-ingredient products with 70-95% organic content may have the claim: "contains xx% organic ingredients" and products with less than 70% "organic" content can indicate organic products in the list of ingredients.

As growth hormones are only permitted in beef cattle; milk, poultry and pork products can only use a "no added hormone" claim if they clarify this point to consumers. For example, chicken products could include the claims "all chickens are raised without the use of hormones" or "raised without the use of hormones like all chickens in Canada."

Consumers' Role

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How to report mislabelled food

Consumers can play an active role in food labelling in Canada. You can decide what information is important to you, and learn what to look for on labels to make that choice. If you have a question about what a specific claim on a food product means, such as natural or free range claims, you should contact the company directly. If you have a safety concern, such as an unlabelled allergen, or feel that a label is not truthful or is misleading, you can report this to the CFIA through our website. The CFIA follows up on all complaints, but prioritizes complaints related to food safety, such as undeclared allergens on a food label.

In some cases it is easy for the CFIA to determine if a product is not following the rules. For example, if a product is labelled as "low fat", but does not meet Health Canada's criteria for low fat claims (less than three grams of fat per serving size), the CFIA would determine this product is mislabelled. Other labelling complaints can be more difficult to assess, such as determining whether an image or logo may mislead a consumer. In these cases CFIA labelling specialists would evaluate the label as a whole to assess the overall impression created by the image or logo, and make a decision based on any related guidelines, direction, evaluation tools and previous decisions made by the CFIA or Health Canada.

If any product is determined to be mislabelled, companies must take action to correct the situation (for example remove the claim or add more information to the label). Depending on the situation the CFIA will also determine if further enforcement action, such as prosecution, is necessary.

Knowing that food is healthy and safe to eat is fundamentally important to all Canadians and their families. Understanding food labels is one of the steps consumers can take to make informed food choices. The next time you are at the grocery store trying to decide what products to buy, remember the key elements to look for to help ensure you make a good choice.

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(Video) Getting the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's (CFIA) action on undeclared allergens: Sarah's story
Date modified:


What is a labeling requirement for food products in Canada? ›

Units of measure

In Canada, food products are required to be labelled as to net quantity on the main display panel. The net quantity must be in metric units in English and French, in type that is at least 1.6 millimetres (1/16") high.

How do you interpret food Labelling information? ›

Most products have nutritional information on the label. Some products also have colour coding on the front, which tells you if the food has high (red), medium (amber) or low (green) amounts of fat, saturated fat, sugars and salt. The more green(s) on the label, the healthier the choice.

What are the warning labels for food in Canada? ›

The front-of-package nutrition symbol is black and white. It has a magnifying glass and highlights what the food is high in: sodium, sugars, saturated fat or any combination of these. The words "Health Canada / Santé Canada" appear at the bottom of the symbol.

What are the requirements for labels in Canada? ›

What Information is Required on Canadian Product Labels? All labels for products sold in Canada must be clearly printed in English and French. If the quantity is declared using numbers only, then numbers and metric symbols are considered bilingual.

What are the 5 requirements of a food label? ›

Five Basic Label Requirements
  • Identity of food in package form. ...
  • Name of manufacturer, packer, or distributor. ...
  • Place of business. ...
  • Ingredient declaration. ...
  • Net quantity of contents.

What are food Labelling exemptions in Canada? ›

Foods always exempt from carrying a Nutrition Facts table. These include: any combination of fresh vegetables or fruits, whether whole or cut-up ones, without any added ingredients (for example, salads without added croutons, bacon bits, salad dressing, etc. ) fresh herbs such as parsley, basil, thyme, etc.

What are 7 things you should understand on a food label? ›

Check out what you can learn from the Nutrition Facts label.
  • Serving Size and Servings Per Container. Serving size is based on the amount that people typically eat. ...
  • Calories. ...
  • Percent Daily Values. ...
  • Total Fat. ...
  • Saturated Fat and Trans Fat. ...
  • Unsaturated Fat. ...
  • Cholesterol. ...
  • Sodium.

What is the 5 and 20 rule? ›

Use the 5-20 Rule

If the % DV is 5 or less then it is low in that nutrient, If the% DV is 20% or more then it is high in that nutrient. The %DV is based on a 2,000- calorie diet – your needs might be more or less than this.

What is the most important thing to read on a food label? ›

At the top of the Nutrition Facts label, you will find the total number of servings in the container and the food or beverage's serving size. The serving size on the label is based on the amount of food that people may typically eat at one time and is not a recommendation of how much to eat.

What are the new Canada food guidelines? ›

New Canada's food guide
  • Make it a habit to eat a variety of healthy foods each day. ...
  • Use food labels. ...
  • Be aware that food marketing can influence your choices.
  • Be mindful of our eating habits. ...
  • Limit highly processed foods.

What are the food regulations in Canada? ›

Food in Canada must comply with a range of regulations to ensure our health and safety. Legislation for food in Canada includes the Food and Drugs Act, Safe Food for Canadians Act, Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, and more depending on the nature of the food.

What is the Canadian Consumer Packaging and Labeling Act? ›

The Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act (CPLA; French: Loi sur l'emballage et l'étiquetage des produits de consommation) is a Canadian regulatory consumer protection statute that governs the packaging, labelling, sale, importation, and advertising of prepackaged and certain other consumer products in Canada.

Who regulates food packaging in Canada? ›

Food Packaging Regulations

The safety of all materials used for packaging foods is controlled under Division 23 of the Food and Drugs Act and Regulations, Section B. 23.001 of which prohibits the sale of foods in packages that may impart any substance to the contents which may be harmful to the consumer of the food.

What information is required to be on a label? ›

The Nutrition Facts Label must show:

Mandatory nutrients (total calories, total fat, saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, sodium, total carbohydrate, dietary fiber, total sugars, added sugars, protein, vitamin D, calcium, iron, potassium)

What are the 4 things that must be on a food label? ›

Nutrition labels must display the amount of energy (calories and kilojoules) and the amount of fat, saturated fat, carbohydrates, sugars, proteins and salt (all expressed in grams) present in 100g (or 100 ml) of the food.

What is not required on a food label? ›

Foods that are Exempt From Labeling Requirements:
  • Raw fruits.
  • Vegetables.
  • Fish.
  • Dietary Supplements (they are regulated under §101.36)
  • Certain egg cartons.
  • Infant Formula and foods for children up to 4 yrs of age (modified requirements apply)
Dec 11, 2018

Do all ingredients have to be listed in food in Canada? ›

All prepackaged products with more than 1 ingredient must declare their ingredients and components in a list of ingredients [B. 01.008(1), FDR ], unless they are exempt.

How do I create a food label in Canada? ›

What Do Food Labels in Canada Include?
  1. Consistent and realistic serving sizes.
  2. Specific label designs and styles.
  3. Percentage of daily values for certain nutrients.
  4. List of mandatory and optional nutrients.
  5. List of ingredients present in the food.
  6. Declaration of any allergens that may be present (peanuts, soy, gluten, etc.)

What is the 5 20 rule in food label reading? ›

Use %DV to determine if a serving of the food is high or low in an individual nutrient. As a general guide: 5% DV or less of a nutrient per serving is considered low. 20% DV or more of a nutrient per serving is considered high.

What 3 things do you really need to know about the food labels? ›

Overall, the label can help you compare similar foods to make healthier choices. Every label includes information on calories and 13 nutrients: fat, saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, sodium, carbohydrate, fibre, sugars, protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium and iron, and % Daily Values.

What are 3 things to look for when evaluating a food label? ›

When it comes to reading food labels, what's most important?
  • Serving size. Check to see how many servings the package contains. ...
  • Fiber. Eat at least 5-10 grams of viscous fiber each day. ...
  • Protein. ...
  • Calories. ...
  • Carbohydrates. ...
  • Total fat. ...
  • Saturated fat. ...
  • Trans fat.

What is the 5 10 rule in food? ›

Use the "5-5-10" rule when buying cereal: It should contain at least 5 grams of fiber, 5 grams of protein, and have 10 grams of sugar or less.

What are the 40 40 20 rules? ›

The dictum is that 40 percent of your direct marketing success is dependent on your audience, another 40 percent is dependent on your offer, and the last 20 percent is reserved for everything else, including how the material is presented. The following is a brief breakdown of the 40/40/20 rule of direct-mail marketing.

What is the 50-30-20 rule briefly explain? ›

One of the most common percentage-based budgets is the 50/30/20 rule. The idea is to divide your income into three categories, spending 50% on needs, 30% on wants, and 20% on savings.

What is the Canada's Food Guide summary? ›

Canada's Food Guide emphasizes a healthy eating pattern. There are two central messages: Consume a diet that consists mainly of plant foods (e.g., fruit, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds, beans, lentils, soy). Choose whole foods and minimally processed foods often.

What are the 4 types of food in Canada Food Guide? ›

Forms the foundation for the Food Guide resources. Vegetables, fruit, whole grains, and protein foods should be consumed regularly.

How many categories are in Canada's food guide? ›

1 Canada's Food Guide

The four food groups are: Vegetables and fruit. Grain products. Milk and alternatives.

Are there 5 main food groups in Canada's food guide? ›

Canada's Food Guide encourages people to choose a variety of foods from each of the four food groups—Vegetables and Fruit, Grain Products, Milk and Alternatives, and Meat and Alternatives— and to include a specific amount and type of Oils and Fats.

What is not recommended in the New Canada food guide? ›

You should limit highly processed foods and drinks because they are not a part of a healthy eating pattern. Highly processed foods are processed or prepared foods and drinks that add excess sodium, sugars or saturated fat to the diets of Canadians. Highly processed foods can include: sugary drinks.

What is the FDA equivalent in Canada? ›

Canada Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) : CFIA is dedicated to safeguarding food, animals and plants, which enhances the health and well-being of Canada's people, environment and economy.

When did food labels become mandatory in Canada? ›

Nutrition labelling became mandatory for all prepackaged foods on December 12, 2007. This means that all food companies have to include nutrition labelling on their prepackaged foods.

What is required for country of origin Labelling in Canada? ›

Mandatory labelling
  • the name and address of the Canadian company with the country of origin of the product,
  • the name and address of the foreign manufacturer, or.
  • the statement "imported for" or "imported by" followed by the name and address of the Canadian company.
Mar 15, 2021

Who inspects food in Canada? ›

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency is dedicated to safeguarding food, animals and plants, which enhances the health and well-being of Canada's people, environment and economy.

Who checks food safety in Canada? ›

Canadian Food Inspection Agency's Role

The CFIA is responsible for enforcing the food safety policies and standards that Health Canada sets.

What 3 agencies are responsible for food safety in Canada? ›

The Federal Role:

The CFIA performs this role on behalf of Health Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and Fisheries and Oceans Canada. The CFIA is responsible for inspecting and regulating federally registered establishments (generally those that move products across provincial or national boundaries).

What are 3 things a supplier label must include? ›

Under WHMIS, supplier labels for hazardous workplace products must display the product identifier and supplier identifier, as well as hazard pictogram(s), signal word, hazard statement(s), and precautionary statement(s) assigned based on the hazard classification.

What six pieces of information must supplier labels always have? ›

On the supplier label, you will find the product name, hazard pictograms, signal words, hazard statements, precautionary statements, and supplier contact information.

What are the requirements for food labeling? ›

Nutrition labels must display the amount of energy (calories and kilojoules) and the amount of fat, saturated fat, carbohydrates, sugars, proteins and salt (all expressed in grams) present in 100g (or 100 ml) of the food.

What is required for food product Labelling? ›

Household measure/common household unit. Servings per container. Mandatory nutrients (total calories, total fat, saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, sodium, total carbohydrate, dietary fiber, total sugars, added sugars, protein, vitamin D, calcium, iron, potassium)

What is the mandatory Labelling requirement? ›

Mandatory labelling or labeling (see spelling differences) is the requirement of consumer products to state their ingredients or components. This is done to protect people with allergies, and so that people can practice moral purchasing.

What 4 things are mandatory on food labels? ›

What has to be included on a food label?
  • serving size.
  • calories.
  • nutrients.
  • percent daily values (% DV)
Dec 23, 2022

What are 4 pieces of information required on food labels? ›

Usually a label has to convey the following: name of the product, the manufacturer's name and address, net weight, serving size, list of ingredients and nutrition information per serving.

What are the three categories of labeling requirements? ›

Among the claims that can be used on food and dietary supplement labels are three categories of claims that are defined by statute and/or FDA regulations: health claims, nutrient content claims, and structure/function claims.

What are the rules for origin Labelling? ›

In accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011EN•••, the general rule is that the indication of the country of origin or place of provenance shall be mandatory where failure to indicate this might mislead the consumer as to the true country of origin or place of provenance of the food, in particular if the information ...

What information is not required on food labels? ›

Foods that do not contain significant amounts of nutrients. For example, coffee, tea and some spices. Foods produced by businesses that meet certain criteria (business size, annual sales) may be exempt from nutrition labeling unless they make a health claim or nutrient content claim.

What are the details that must be included in a label? ›

The labeling must include detailed information on its characteristics, conservation and nutritional properties. The mandatory information on all packaging must include: The legal name of the food. The list of ingredients, except for products that come from a single ingredient.

Which of the following is not required on a food label? ›

Nutrition Chapter 2
Which of the following is NOT required by law to be listed on a food label?The Internet address of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor.
Which of the following are among the key nutrients most often lacking in the U.S. diet?fiber and potassium
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What are Labelling instructions? ›

The LABEL instruction defines a label within the OCL program that is the target of a GOTO instruction. Syntax.

What are the minimum requirements for sample labeling? ›

The label must contain the following legible information:
  • Patient name.
  • Patient medical record number, with check digit.
  • Patient location.
  • Collection date and time.
  • Specimen type and/or source.
  • Test required (note any special handling required)
  • Ordering physician.

What is the minimum mandatory information that shall be included in the labeling materials? ›

The FDA Regulations require the following information to appear in the drug labelling materials accompanying all drug products: Product Name. Dosage Form and Strength. Pharmacologic Category.


1. Changes to Canada's Food Labelling Regulations
(Strategy Institute)
2. Labelling - How to Identify Canadian Food
(Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)
3. Seed Regulatory Modernization - Wendy Jahn, Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA)
(Canola Council)
4. What imports are regulated by Canada Food Inspection Agency (CFIA)?
(Info Empire)
5. How to read a nutrition facts label
(Osmosis from Elsevier)
6. NDSC - Reading Food Labels
(Food Allergy Canada)
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